亚搏滚球竞猜

05-25【安歆亮】ZOOM 偏微分方程系列报告

发布者:卢珊珊发布时间:2022-05-20浏览次数:10

题目: Anisotropic Dynamical Horizons Arising in Gravitational Collapse 


报告人: 安歆亮 (新加坡国立大学)


时间:5月25日星期三 上午10:00-11:00


地点:腾讯会议 195-388-305


点击链接入会,或添加至会议列表:

https://meeting.tencent.com/dm/jog9mPWOnO1m


摘要: Black holes are predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity, and now we have ample observational evidence for their existence. However theoretically there are many unanswered questions about how black holes come into being and about the structures of their inner spacetime singularities. In this talk, we will present several results in these directions. First, in a joint work with Qing Han, with tools from scale-critical hyperbolic method and non-perturbative elliptic techniques, with anisotropic characteristic initial data we prove that: in the process of gravitational collapse, a smooth and spacelike apparent horizon (dynamical horizon) emerges from general (both isotropic and anisotropic) initial data. This result extends the 2008 Christodoulou’s monumental work and it connects to black hole thermodynamics along the apparent horizon. Second, in joint works with Dejan Gajic and Ruixiang Zhang, for the spherically symmetric Einstein-scalar field system, we derive precise blow-up rates for various geometric quantities along the inner spacelike singularities. These rates obey polynomial blow-up upper bounds; and when it is close to timelike infinity, these rates are not limited to discrete finite choices and they are related to the Price’s law along the event horizon. This indicates a new blow-up phenomenon, driven by a PDE mechanism, rather than an ODE mechanism. If time permits, some results on fluid dynamics will also be addressed.


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